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Blood Glucose Levels

Self-monitoring of blood glucose can be beneficial for your knowledge and if you are at risk of diabetes. It can help with necessary lifestyle and treatment choices as well as help to monitor for symptoms of hypo- or hyperglycaemia. Monitoring can also help you to alter treatment which in turn can help prevent any long-term complications from developing diabetes.

It is important that the blood glucose levels being aimed for are as near normal as possible, these are:

  • 3.5–5.5mmol/l* before meals
  • less than 8mmol/l, two hours after meals.

The target blood glucose ranges are indicated as a guide.

EasySure monitors are only to be used as a guideline and not as an accurate blood level device. If you are concerned that your levels are high, you should contact your healthcare provider.

Cholesterol and Required Levels

Cholesterol is a fat-like substance that is found in all body cells. The liver makes all of the cholesterol the body needs to form cell membranes and to make certain hormones. The determination of serum cholesterol is one of the important tools in the diagnosis. High blood cholesterol is one of the major risk factors for heart disease, Clinical diagnosis should not be made on a single test result; it should integrate clinical and other laboratory tests.

Six out of every 10 UK adults have raised cholesterol. Having a cholesterol test is the only way you will know if you are one of them. For most people a healthy total cholesterol level is below 5 mmol/L (which is short for millimoles per litre of blood). A healthy LDL (low density lipoprotein) cholesterol should be below 3 mmol/L.
People at high risk of cardiovascular disease are encouraged to reduce their total cholesterol level below 4 mmol/L.
In order to understand the EasySure monitor results and the risk that cholesterol poses to your health it is important to know your numbers: Your surgery may only tell you there is nothing to worry about or they may only give you your total cholesterol (TC) figure. Be sure to ask them for all the results they have and keep a note of them. As a minimum you should know your total cholesterol and a measure of your HDL (high density lipoprotein; good) cholesterol.

  • Total Cholesterol (TC) – the total amount of cholesterol in your blood – ideally less than 5 mmol/L (less than 4 mmol/L in those at high risk).
  • LDL Cholesterol (LDL-C) – the amount of LDL -cholesterol or “bad” cholesterol – ideally less than 3 mmol/L (less than 2 mmol/L in those at high risk).
  • HDL Cholesterol (HDL-C) – the amount of HDL cholesterol or “good” cholesterol - ideally over 1mmol/L (man) over 1.2mmol/L (woman).

The EasySure monitor gives a reading that is based on TC which is an average of both LDL and HDL and intended as a guideline to monitor and record your levels.

More information can be obtained on line or at this site www.heartuk.org.uk

High Uric Acid (Hyperuricemia)?

Hyperuricemia is an excess of uric acid in the blood. Uric acid passes through the liver, and enters your bloodstream. Most of it is excreted (removed from your body) in your urine, or passes through your intestines to regulate "normal" levels.

Normal Uric acid levels are 2.4-6.0 mg/dL (female) and 3.4-7.0 mg/dL (male).

Also important to blood uric acid levels are purines. Purines are nitrogen-containing compounds, which are made inside the cells of your body (endogenous), or come from outside of your body, from foods containing purine (exogenous). Purine breaks down into uric acid. Increased levels of uric acid from excess purines may accumulate in your tissues, and form crystals. This may cause high uric acid levels in the blood.

Uric acid formation may occur when the blood uric acid level rises above normal levels. Problems, such as kidney stones, and gout (collection of uric acid crystals in the joints, especially in your toes and fingers), may occur.

Things you can do about Hyperuricemia

  • Make sure you tell your doctor, as well as all healthcare providers, about any other medications you are taking (including over-the-counter, vitamins, or herbal remedies).
  • Remind your doctor or healthcare provider if you have a history of diabetes, liver, kidney, or heart disease.
  • Follow your healthcare provider's instructions regarding lowering your blood uric acid level and treating your hyperuricemia. If your blood levels are severely elevated, he or she may prescribe medications to lower the uric acid levels to a safe range.

If you have an elevated blood uric acid level, and your healthcare provider thinks that you may be at risk for gout, kidney stones, try to eat a low purine diet.

Foods that are high in purine include

  • All organ meats (such as liver), meat extracts and gravy
  • Yeasts, and yeast extracts (such as beer, and alcoholic beverages)
  • Asparagus, spinach, beans, peas, lentils, oatmeal, cauliflower and mushrooms

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